Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis

According to Valley Stream gastroenterologist Dr. Bradley Reiders, ulcerative colitis is “an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-lasting inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the innermost lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum.

Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are the most common types of inflammatory bowel disease, while ulcerative colitis affects only the colon and rectum. Crohn’s can affect any part of the digestive tract.

Ulcerative colitis affects only the large intestine, causing inflammation and sores (ulcers) in its lining. Though most of those diagnosed with this disease are aged below 30 years old, it can affect people of any age.

Except for the stating the possibility that this disease might be due to the reaction of the immune system to normal bacteria in the digestive tract, medical experts are actually uncertain as to what really causes ulcerative colitis. It is very likely though that you will get it if someone else in your family has it.

The main symptoms of ulcerative colitis include:

  • Belly pain or cramps;
  • Diarrhea; and,
  • Bleeding from the rectum

Symptoms in others can include fever, not feeling hungry, weight loss; in severe cases, a person can have diarrhea 10 to 20 times a day.

The symptoms of ulcerative colitis can come and go. Some may experience a remission for months or years and then they will have a flare-up. About 5 to 10 out of a hundred individuals with ulcerative colitis, though, have symptoms all the time.

Treatment for ulcerative colitis depends on how mild or severe the disease is. Mild symptoms may only require over-the-counter medicines for diarrhea. Others, however, may require prescription medicines to stop or reduce symptoms and prevent flare-ups.

A severe case of this disease, which cannot be remedied by medicine, may require surgery, which will remove the colon. Removing the colon cures ulcerative colitis. It also prevents colon cancer.

 

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Comprehensive Reverse Shoulder Recall

Companies are legally required to make sure that their products are safe. If they fail to commit to this responsibility and this failure has resulted into injury or death, they may be held liable. An example of this is the Comprehensive Reverse Shoulder and how it is currently being recalled by Zimmer Biomet.

The Comprehensive Reverse Shoulder is a surgically implanted device used to restore shoulder and arm functions and relieve pain. This is typically acquired by people who suffer from a deficiency or tearing in the rotator cuff.

Reason for Recall
The Food and Drug Administration has designated a Class I Recall on the shoulder replacement. Class I Recall is highest form of recall. It is issued to products that are capable of injuring or killing. The device is being recalled because its fracture rate is higher compared to what is in its label, and there are a lot of reports regarding the failure of the device, particularly fracturing.

Device failure, such as fracturing, may require corrective surgery, to remove the device and replace it with another. But this is not without consequences, as it may result into injury and infection. On worse circumstances, it may even result into the total loss of function in the shoulder area. In the worst circumstances, it may even result into death.

Possible Damages
A patient who has sustained injury because of the device may have legal options to pursue, such as filing a Zimmer shoulder replacement lawsuit. The injury does not just cause the patient pain and suffering, as it may also cause unnecessary financial burdens, like the costs of corrective surgery and hospital confinement, lost time in the workplace, and possibly, loss of earning capability.

Family members of those who sustained fatal injuries have it worse. Aside from the financial issues associated with death, such as medical and funeral costs, they would also suffer from the pain of losing a loved one.

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What To Do In Case of A Fire?

One of the most common types of accidents in the premises is a fire. There are many factors that can trigger a fire. It can start from a candle left lit or wires short circuiting. Depending on the circumstances, the website of Russo, Russo, & Slania reveals that it is generally the duty of the property owner to ensure a safe environment for their tenants. When you find yourself caught in a fire accident, here are some tips on what to do:

1. Keep calm
First things first, don’t panic. When you panic, you will not be able to think clearly. Just keep calm.

2. Know your way out
You should have an idea of where the exit points are or how you can get out of the room. The idea is to get outside quickly and in the safest possible manner. If one of the exit points is blocked, you should know the location of the others.

3. Evacuate
Before anything else, sound the fire alarm. If you are in a building with several floors, DO NOT USE THE ELEVATOR. Find the nearest evacuation route. Save anyone who is in danger. Exiting through the door is your first priority but if it is impossible, you can also escape from the windows. If there are collapsible evacuation ladders, use them especially if you are located in the upper floors of the building.

4. Stay Low
If there is smoke, stay low to the ground as you make your way out of the building. The smoke and poisonous air are more potent than the flames. By staying low, you will breathe less smoke. You can crawl under the smoke using your hands and knees.

Property owners can conduct fire drills once in a while. This way, they can help their tenants act quickly during a fire accident. Likewise, they should conduct regular inspections of their properties if there are loose wires or other fire triggers.

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Estate Planning: One Way to Make Sure that Your Family Gets the Maximum Value of their Inheritance

Having a doctor or a psychologist evaluate the mental condition of a person prior to his/her drafting of a Will can prove to be of real importance, especially during the litigation of that person’s Will, Trust or Estate Plan. During litigation, the testator’s mental capacity is often the cause of dispute (testator is the legal term for the person writing the Will) and only the expert opinion of a doctor or psychologist proving the lucidity of the testator’s mind would suffice to quash any supposition that the testator may not have fully known or understood the importance of the Will he/she is drafting.

Estate planning refers to as a plan that a person makes before death. In this plan, this person names those to whom he/she wants to leave behind his/her assets and/or properties and determine when they can have their share.

Estate Planning usually begins with the drafting of a Living Trust or a Will. The testator can put in this Will whatever he/she intends to pass on to his/her spouse, children and any other beneficiary. The Will states specifically which asset or thing of value should go to each beneficiary; it can also require an heir to first accomplish something – a condition for him/her to earn his/her inheritance.

  • More elaborate Wills usually include their respective testator’s chosen:
  • Guardian for his/her minor children;
  • Health-care proxy or the person who shall make medical decisions on his/her behalf in the event that he/she gets incapacitated; and,

Executor or the person who will take charge in the administration of the estate left for distribution. The executor will also need to accomplish the last wishes that the testator specified in his/her Will, as well as settle all of the testator’s unpaid debts. Only after all debts have been paid can the assets, or what remains of these, be distributed to the beneficiaries.

Besides having everyone get what a testator intends to leave them, estate planning also reduces the amount of taxes and does away with court hearings; this means no unnecessary court and other legal costs.

In its website, the Arenson Law Group explains how Estate Planning can help provide the security that a testator’s family will need if something happens to him or her. It will also ensure that properties and assets will be disposed in ways wherein their value would be maximized due to the reduction of taxes and other expenses. And because an estate plan speaks the very mind of the testator, it can help prevent possible rivalry over inheritance among his/her spouse and children.

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Pet-Sitting by a Professional Pet-Sitter

Many pet owners who go on business travel, vacation, or work long hours hire the services of pet sitters to make sure that their pets, dogs, especially, get the proper care and exercise that they need. Pet sitting service, which is caring for a pet in the owner’s own home, usually when the owner is away, is a growing business in the US.

According to Walk! ATX, pet sitting, compared to having a pet housed in a kennel, is healthier for pets since it eliminates the stressors and boredom on a kennel environment. Furthermore, it also makes sure that dogs with special needs are given their medications and the customized care preferred by owners.

It is important, however, that one hires a professional pet sitter if owners wish to enjoy the many benefits that a professional type of service will provide them and their pets. For pet owners or pet parents, some of the benefits include:

  • Multiple pet-sitting visits per day and even an overnight stay if requested by pet parents
  • Knowledge that their pets are in caring, loving hands
  • Pet-sitters are trained to perform and deal with many other issues, such as dog walking, pet grooming and visits to the vet, if necessary

For pets, some of the benefits include:

  • Staying at home, which is a more secure environment since the smell, sight and sound are familiar, compared to those in a kennel;
  • Pets’ regular diet and exercise will be observed;
  • Pets will receive personal care and attention, especially during emergency cases; and,
  • Not being exposed to other animals’ illnesses or parasites, which is very likely in a kennel.

Besides all these, professional pet sitters also make sure that pets are fed on time, that their water bowls are changed, that they get their needed exercise and play time, their litter boxes and other mess are cleaned, administered their needed medication, and provided all the love and care that they need.

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Workers’ Compensation Cash Benefit, the Right of Workers Who get Injured on the Job

Part of the daily task that a large number of construction workers need to perform every day is paint, clean, maintain or restore the aesthetic appearance of old buildings. Not a very easy job considering the fact that they will have to do one or more of these tasks on board scaffolds in order to reach the front, back and side exteriors of high-rise buildings.

A scaffold is a makeshift structure that serves as a work area for workers who repair and maintain bridges, buildings and many other types of man-made structures. This structure, which is either suspended from above (with ropes) or built on the ground, also supports the materials the workers will use in their job.

In its website, the law firm Scudder & Hedrick, PLLC explains why construction work continues to be chosen by many individuals, due mainly to its good pay and benefits, thanks to years of effort of labor unions. Despite the more than satisfactory pay and benefits, however, construction workers are faced with danger every day because of their proximity to many different forms of heavy machinery, power tools, and other equipment that aid in the building process. While said law firm knows that all of these construction equipment are tremendously useful when these do what they are supposed to, any malfunction, on the other hand, can end in devastating results.

One kind of construction site accident that has severely injured and even killed a great number of workers is scaffolding collapse. When not firmly assembled or not supported well from above, this structure can collapse to the ground and send workers and materials plunging to the ground from great heights.

Physical injuries, however, are not the only daunting consequences of scaffolding collapse; there are also loss of income, due to inability to report back to work, and costly bills for medical treatment. While workers who suffer job-related injuries are lawfully entitled to seek compensation from their state-enforced and controlled Workers’ Compensation insurance program, those programs can be confusing and have hurdles associated with them. Injured workers should see some kind of help to confirm they are filling out the forms correctly.

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Important Things One Needs to Know about Dischargeable Debts under Chapter 7

Finding themselves with insurmountable debt became common for many Americans from 2008 to 2012 due to the financial crisis which resulted to mass lay-offs, underemployment and prolonged unemployment. It cannot be denied that millions of wage earners in the US receive just enough salary which will help see them through all their needs until their next salary date; thus, any deduction in pay, much more, losing the chance to earn, can result to devastating financial problems.

Besides loss of job and reduction in income there are also other situations that can worsen an individual’s financial situation, such as natural calamity, divorce, or an unexpected health problem. All these can lead to successive failures in paying monthly credit card bills, personal loans and even mortgages. Before long, all debts will have gone up to an amount that makes it impossible for the debtor to settle, resulting to the debtor having endless worries and getting hounded by creditors or collecting firms to force him or her to pay.

While so many debtors end up facing lawsuits, lose a part of their monthly pay due to garnishment of their wages, their properties due to foreclosure or their vehicles due to repossession, others try to find ways which can help save them from their overwhelming financial crises and which will allow them to have control over their financial lives once again.

According to the Dallas bankruptcy lawyers at Gagnon, Peacock & Vereeke, P.C., one such way is through the filing of bankruptcy, a legal means which will help debtors regain control of their finances. Filing bankruptcy is allowed by the Bankruptcy Code, which the US Congress passed into law in 1978. There are different Bankruptcy Chapters under this 1978 Code, namely, Chapters 7, 9, 11, 12, and 13, each designed to address a debtor’s unique financial situation.

Chapter 7, for instance, which is also called liquidation bankruptcy, involves liquidation of a debtor’s “non-exempt” properties, such as a second house, a vacation home, an expensive musical instrument (which is not necessary to a debtor’s profession or trade), and forms of investment, like cash, stocks and bonds. A court-appointed trustee will take charge of the liquidation of these non-exempt properties and use whatever amount is earned from the sale to pay all of the debtor’s non-dischargeable debts, which may include:

  • government-imposed penalties
  • child support
  • spousal support or alimony
  • federal, state, and local taxes which became due not more than 3 years ago
  • court fees
  • debts resulting from personal injury or wrongful death
  • student loan, unless paying this continuously will cause undue hardship to the debtor

Any amount left from the sale of the properties will be returned to the debtor, however, if the total amount earned is not enough to settle all debts completely, then creditors will have to accept whatever amount the court determines should be paid to them; they should also abide by the court’s decision to forgive the debtor for any balance left from the debt and to stop further collection of payment or suffer penalties under federal law.

Filers of Chapter 7 bankruptcy should know and understand, though, that their release from dischargeable debts (such as debts arising from credit card use or cash advances) and even the court’s recognition of their filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy requires that they strictly follow court rules and bankruptcy procedures. Additionally, with regard to dischargeable debts, if a particular creditor is able to successfully object dischargeability, then debts owed to him or her will not be declared dischargeable.

Having some debts discharged is one of the best benefits of Chapter 7 bankruptcy, but to be able to enjoy this, debtors should make sure that they never hide any property to deceive creditors, are able to provide the court with all necessary tax documents, and do not commit any fraud, such as perjury, in connection with their bankruptcy case. These matters, and the so many others connected with Chapter 7 bankruptcy can be much more complicated than what anyone thinking of filing for bankruptcy may actually expect.

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Medicare Fraud: Saving Innocent Medical Professionals from Getting Convicted

The US Congressional Budget Office estimates that in 2010, about $528 billion was spent by the government for Medicare, a Federal health insurance program designed to benefit the elderly (at least 65 years old), certain younger Americans with disabilities, and those suffering from End-Stage Renal Disease (ERSD), which is a permanent kidney failure that requires dialysis or a transplant. About $47.9 billion of what was spent, however, is believed to have been paid to fraudulent claims, according to the US Government’s Office of Management and Budget – a belief that turned out to be erroneous as part of the amount has actually been paid to valid claims.

There are two governmental programs designed to provide medical and health-related services to particular groups of people in the US: Medicaid and Medicare. Though each program differs with regard to their beneficiaries, both fall under the management of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, one of the branches of the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Medicare, specifically, has two parts: Part A, known as Hospital Insurance (HI); and, Part B, called the Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI). Hospital Insurance (HI) pays for qualified beneficiaries’:

  • Hospital stay, which includes a semi-private room, meals, medical tests and supplies
  • Medically required home health care, which is provided on a part-time basis and which may include speech, occupational, and physical therapy
  • Care in a skilled nursing facility
  • Certain medical equipment, like a wheelchair or a walker which a disabled or an aged beneficiary may require

Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI) or Medicare Part B, on the other hand, pays for the following:

  • visits to doctors and outpatient hospital visits
  • cost of home health care
  • services medically required by the aged and the disabled, like: services provided by doctors and nurses; X-rays, diagnostic and laboratory tests; renal dialysis; chemotherapy; blood transfusions; certain types of vaccinations; ambulance transportation and outpatient hospital procedures; eyeglasses and prosthetic devices; and, medical equipment, such as wheelchairs, scooters, walkers, and canes

Sources of Medicare funding include monthly premiums from those who enroll in the program, annual deductibles, and payroll taxes collected through the Self-Employment Contributions Act and the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA). Money collected is placed in a trust fund where the government gets the necessary amount to pay hospitals, doctors, and private insurance companies. But while the program’s intent is to help, first, the American public by paying for the cost of the medical and health-related services provided to them and, second, honest doctors who provide medical services to the needy, many medical professionals saw it as an opportunity to extract money from the government through fraudulent claims; specifically, by billing the government for services that were not actually performed, medical services and equipment that were not really provided to patients, and other acts of fraud. Despite the differences in acts, Medicare fraud is directed only on one goal: collect payments from the Medicare program illegitimately.

The billions of dollars that the government loses due to fraudulent Medicare claims has spurred the government to still intensify the fight against Medicare fraud, to the point, however, of suspecting fraud where there is actually none.

While suspicion of fraud may easily be reported to the Office of the Inspector General, those reported, but who are actually not guilty, can suffer loss of patient trust and professional credibility according to the website of Kohler Hart Powell, SC.

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How a No-Fault Car Insurance Liability Coverage Affect Injured Drivers

One requirement that all drivers in any part of the US are required to prove is the capability to compensate a person whose property they may damage or who they may injure in case of an accident. While this proof of capability may be shown through posted bonds or whatever state-approved means, the most basic is carrying an auto liability insurance policy.

While there are different types of automobile liability insurance coverage, three of the most common types are the limited tort, the full tort, and the no-fault or personal injury protection (PIP). In limited tort automobile liability coverage, the premium that a driver pays is lower compared to full tort coverage; however, as its name suggests, there is a limit as to what a victim in an accident can actually claim from the at-fault driver’s auto insurance provider, namely, the cost of medical treatment, but only for that which is related to the injury sustained in the accident. In full tort auto liability coverage, the parties involved in an accident have the right to file a civil suit against each other for purposes of proving fault and seeking compensation for whatever damages the victim in the accident may have, and will still, suffer. Compensation covers cost of medical treatment, lost wages, and pain and suffering among others.

The third type of automobile liability insurance coverage, the no-fault or personal injury protection (PIP), covers medical expenses needed by the injured driver and his/her passengers, lost wages due to days off from work, and funeral expenses if the accident is fatal (no-fault coverage, however, does not compensate a person for his or her damaged property; a separate property damage liability insurance will have to be purchased by the driver for this purpose.

No-Fault car insurance liability coverage presents drivers the following benefits:

  • faster payment of compensation since there is no more need to file a lawsuit to show who really is at fault in the accident
  • payment of lower premiums as there are no longer court fees to be paid
  • the drivers involved in the accident are paid by their own insurance provider, regardless of whose fault the accident is

Irrespective of the type of liability insurance a state requires on drivers, the Spiros Champaign Law Firm, explains that the most common problem encountered by car accident victims is having their claims paid or receiving the right amount of compensation, that is, of course, assuming that their application for claims is approved in the first place – a thing that has been a source of discouragement to many drivers because it appears that many insurance providers are more prone to denying claims rather than approving and paying these.

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Factors that Increase the Risk of Developing Cerebral Palsy

One type of chronic disorder which more than half a million children in the US are suffering from is cerebral palsy (CP), a neurodevelopmental motor impairment that affects a child’s posture and balance, mental capabilities and speech. This chronic and incurable illness actually refers to a group of brain disorders which also impair sensation, muscle coordination, muscle control, body movement, reflex, and various brain functions, such as speech, perception and cognition. Cerebral palsy can be due to the abnormal development of the brain or physical injuries to the infant’s brain; it may be congenital or inborn, occurring during pregnancy or during the birthing process, or it may be acquired, occurring during the first years after birth.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 85% of all cerebral palsy cases are congenital in nature, but while there is no certainty about its exact cause, there are certain factors which increase the chances of newborns developing this neurodevelopmental motor impairment. For congenital CP, these factors include:

  • Premature birth, affecting babies who are born three or more weeks before the 40th week of pregnancy, but most especially those who are born before the 32nd week of pregnancy
  • Low birth weight, which affects infants whose weight is below 5.5 pounds at birth, however, those weighing below 3.5 pounds are at much greater risk of acquiring CP;
  • Infections during pregnancy, such as bacterial meningitis and viral encephalitis, both of which are characterized by an inflammation of the membranes which surround the brain and spinal cord of an infant;
  • Health conditions of the mother, such as Down’s syndrome, thyroid issues, syphilis, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, chickenpox (varicella), German measles (rubella), or illnesses which cause seizures; and,
  • Birth complications, which occur during labor or delivery and which interrupts a baby’s supply of oxygen. Some of these complications include umbilical cord problems, uterine rupture, and detachment of the placenta.

The risk factors for acquired CP, on the other hand, include:

  • Infections, like encephalitis and meningitis which cause inflammations in the central nervous system of an infant;
  • Traumatic head injuries, which can be caused by the violent shaking of a baby, child abuse, a baby falling head first to the ground, or child abuse; and,
  • Conditions which affect the flow of blood to the brain, like heart defect, sickle cell disease or fetal stroke.

On its website, Crowe & Mulvey, LLP explains that CP can also develop during the first few years of a child’s life, while his or her brain is still developing. Furthermore, the firm explains that, while this disorder can be a result of a natural or unavoidable health complication, often it is a result of an act of negligence, usually by a medical professional. Government and court records also show that most cerebral palsy cases are results of medical malpractice, making this disorder totally preventable.

Proving that a child’s CP is a result of medical negligence is not easy, however. It will take careful and thorough investigation which only a seasoned medical malpractice lawyer may know how to approach and conduct effectively.

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